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Cast Iron Gardeners Keys by Gardman

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Ward Perkins believed that type VI dated to the 14th and 15th centuries ( 1940, 140), but reliable dating evidence is scarce. A fragment from London, missing its bow, was found in a context of c. 1270-1350 (Egan 1998, no. 313). The best-photographed example on the PAS database is shown below, but this does not have an end-on view showing details of the bit. It is always useful to take as many angles as you can, as these keys can be difficult to reconstruct from limited views. Winchester type B Antique car shows are a favorite summer past time for many people, and even car dealers, mechanics and car stores like to decorate with various old car themed memorabilia.

The other common type of copper-alloy key recorded on the PAS database is a large key known as the London type VI key.

Both typologies are based on iron keys, although there are occasional examples in copper alloy. London type VI keys are the exception, being exclusively of copper alloy. What most medieval copper-alloy keys look like But as these small, undiagnostic keys continue to the end of the medieval period, it is impossible to date unstratified, undiagnostic casket keys this early. See below for more on casket keys, which we tend to date to c. 1100-1500 AD. Medieval keys Estimated delivery times are provided to us by the respective delivery companies. We pass this information onto you, the customer. We have a few copper-alloy examples recorded on the PAS database, which are probably of similar date; and, exceptionally, one 95% silver example ( HAMP-66BB77). Some are decorated, and where the decoration is diagnostic, it usually suggests a Roman date. Note the Roman-style handles on HAMP-66BB77 and BH-0852F6. For example, Ford and GMC have their logos engraved on a lot of the older model car keys. Samsonite, a company well known for suitcases and luggage also often had their brand stamped on the key.

Although almost all of the casket keys on the PAS database are of copper alloy, we know from excavated material that they were often made from iron as well, and are very similar in both materials. It is still true that “the close dating of medieval keys is a matter of great difficulty” ( Ward Perkins 1940, 133) and this is made harder by the fact that most excavated keys with secure dates are made from iron, and are rather different from the copper-alloy examples that make up 90% of the medieval keys on the PAS database. Goodall defines these as having the bit ‘set laterally’ to the stem; in other words, the bit is attached to the stem by its edge. Type A keys are not particularly common, and are given a wide date-range by Goodall from early-medieval to post-medieval; the examples from Winchester (all of iron) date to the 10th to 15th centuries (Goodall in Biddle 1990, 1006). These usually consist of the handle or bow only, because the stem and bit were made from iron. Exceptionally, BH-57A610 is made entirely from copper alloy, and has a hollow stem and massive bit which together look horribly like a medieval rotary key of London type VI (see below); caution should therefore be exercised when dealing with fragments. SOMDOR-9B8C55 is similar, but with an iron stem and bit surviving. Two large Roman keys with openwork trilobate handles. Above, SOMDOR-9B8C55; below, BH-57A610. Both are c. 130mm long.Today there are also a lot of reproductions and replacement keys that mimic old fashioned key styles so this too is something to consider if you stumble across an old key and wondering its value.

Solid copper-alloy key handles, originally with iron stems. From left, LANCUM-6B5B80, BH-08EF06, SF-F573C2, SF-072683. Keys with the bit at right angles to the plane of the handle For this reason, many people see the key as a symbol for wisdom, knowledge, hidden and guarded secrets or even protection.SOMETHING VENTURED: Uncle Sam Is Staking Start-Ups" (PDF). VentureWire. March 12, 2008 . Retrieved August 5, 2009. Solid key handles are occasionally made in the shape of animals, usually showing the head, forelegs or more of a crouching lion. The most elaborate example on the PAS database is SWYOR-F1D5D6, asymmetrically modelled with prey (a ram’s head) in the lion’s mouth. A more representative group is shown below, with the most complete example ( NLM-1E9032) retaining its iron stem and bit. Zoomorphic key handles, in the shape of crouching lions. Left to right: NLM-1E9032, BH-E96707, SF-6038E8. Where the bow is turned at 90˚ to the modern orientation, there is a strong likelihood that the key is Roman. This feature is occasionally found with openwork key handles (such as SF-491826 illustrated above) and with solid rectangular handles (such as BH-E374F2, LVPL-556548 and SUR-19B512, all illustrated above).

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